Physics II


At the end of this subject the student should have obtained knowledge, ability and competences in

-the physical processes and the Laws of Thermodynamics, in particular a) heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation b) phase transitions c) thermodynamic cycles for the study of heat engines, heat pumps and refrigerators and the calculation of the respective efficiency when opperating with ideal gases in reversible processes d) entropy and its production in concrete processes e) thermodynamic potentials f) experimental study of some of these processes

General characterization





Responsible teacher

António Alberto Dias, José Paulo Moreira dos Santos, Maria Adelaide de Almeida Pedro de Jesus


Weekly - 4

Total - 69

Teaching language



Approval in the subjects

"Análise Matemática I"


"Física I" 

is recommended.


A: Engineering Thermodynamics; F. F. Huang

B: Fundamentals of Physics; Halliday/Resnick/Walker

C: Física (um curso universitário); Alonso e Finn ed. Brasileira, 1981, vol 1

D: Apontamentos de Termodinâmica

E: Physics; Kane & Sternheim

F: Physics; Paul Tipler and Gene Mosca

Teaching method

General information about the functioning of this course unit, such as rules, important dates, evaluation notes and other complementary information are available on the course''''s page in the clip. Documentation necessary for the realization of practical classes should be consulted in the CLIP in the folder “Protocols”. The program, program contents of the classes and the bibliography, are available on the page of the discipline in the clip.

The Physics II curricular unit is divided into a theoretical component (OP); a problem solving component (PO); and in a practical part (P - Laboratory). Theoretical classes have a duration of 2.5 hours a week (1 h + 1:30 h) and problem classes have a duration of 1 h weekly. Laboratory classes have a workload of two hours, every two weeks.

OP classes serve to introduce students to the structural content of this course, thermodynamics. In PO classes there will be a discussion and resolution of problems in applying the concepts exposed in the OP. In the P, laboratory classes, experimental work is carried out with the aim of monitoring and verifying physical phenomena and processes described in the theoretical-practical classes and to develop skills in laboratory setup and experimentation. They also serve to introduce the handling of devices (multimeters, scales, thermometers, voltage sources, heat sources, etc ...).

Evaluation method

Continuous assessment of knowledge (see details in portuguese)

Subject matter

Thermodynamics (see details in portuguese)