Processes in Industry and Energy


On completing the course, the student should:
- Understand the concepts and tipology of unit processes and operations in the industry; understand the organization of an industrial plant; interpret lay-outs, process and equipment diagrams of a factory; interpret and compute mass balances;
- Understand basic concepts about energy systems, from the scale of the equipment through systems for production, transport and energy use, up to the national and international scales; compute the energy balance of a machine or equipment; interpret and use energy statistics.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

João Miguel Dias Joanaz de Melo


Weekly - 2

Total - 28

Teaching language



Available soon


Albert Thumann, Terry Niehus, William J. Younger (2012), Handbook of Energy Audits, Ninth Edition. 495 p. Fairmont Press, USA. ISBN 9781466561625

Estatísticas e perspectivas para a energia / Energy outlooks and statistics:

- International Energy Agency:

- European Commission Energy:

- Eurostat Energy:

- Direcção-Geral de Energia e Geologia:

Teaching method

Teaching methods are based on the combination of theoretical lectures, where the fundamental concepts are introduced, with practical lectures where students develop their competencies. The later include practical exercises in class, and assignments on real-life problems conducted autonomously and then discussed in class, such as the computation of the efficiency of the water heating system at home.

Evaluation method

Research and autonomous study are strongly encouraged. Evaluation is based on the practical exercises and assignments.

Subject matter

Basic concepts on unit operations and processes in the industry. Typology of operations and processes. Organization of an industrial plant: lay-out, flow diagrams, equipment diagrams, institutional organogram, supply chain. Mass balance (steady state) in industrial context. Advanced topics: the factory of the future.

Basic concepts on energy: power vs. energy; equipment efficiency; phases of energy use; vertical integration of energy systems. Technologies for production, transformation, transport and use of energy (buildings, industry and mobility) and their environmental sustainability. Energy efficiency and sufficiency, Energy statistics: access to information and energy balance, from the micro to macro-scale. Advanced topics: energy tecnology and models for the future.


Programs where the course is taught: