Groundwater Modeling


To know the potential and limitations of mathematical models used in hydrogeological simulation. To acquire the skills and base knowledge necessary to the use of 2D and 3D hydrogeological modeling software. To meet the necessary conditions for development of physical models of groundwater flow. To know the most important units and properties and the potential of reactive processes and transport modeling of different types of contaminants in groundwater. To understand limitations and possibilities of the particular case of hydrogeological modeling of massive fractured rocks. To acquire practical on hydrogeological modeling and contaminant transport and reactive processes using different practical case studies. To acquire practical knowledge that is necessary for the modeling processes related with active or passive treatment of groundwater, such as "pump-and-treat"; installation of "drains", "passive barriers" or "active barriers".

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Sofia Verónica Trindade Barbosa


Weekly - 4

Total - 122

Teaching language





[1] Barbosa S (2021). Prática na Modelação de Águas Subterrânea. Sebentas de apoio

[2] Anderson M P, Woessner W W, Hunt R J (2015). Applied Groundwater Modeling: Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport, Academic Press; 2nd edition, 564 pp

[3] Dassargues A (2018). Hydrogeology: Groundwater Science and Engineering. CRC Press; 1st edition, 492 pp.

[4] Vallejo L , Mercedes F, Ortuño L, Oteo C (2002) Ingeneria Geológica - Parte I, Capítulo 5 Hidrogeologia”. Prentice Hall, Madrid.

[5] Liu D, Lipták, B (2000) Groundwater and surface water pollution. Lewis Publishers, USA. 150 p.

[6] Zheng C. & Bennet G. (2002) Applied Contaminant Transport Modeling. “. 2.nd Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publication, USA. 621 p.

[7] Rubin Y.; Hubbard S. (2005). Hydrogeophysics. The Netherlands: Springer.

Teaching method

The teaching model adopted is kind of theoretical and practical with: i) theoretical lectures and practical multimedia support; ii) practice with problem solving using adequate software.

Theoretical and practical component (30%) and laboratory / project (70%). Theory and practice: a test that may be substituted for examination. Component of the project: to get with delivery and evaluation of exercises, divided into two modules (35% each module).

Evaluation method

The evaluation is of continuous type with three components (1) theoretical and practical evaluation (2) summative evaluation and (3) practical evaluation. Each component contributes respectively 40%, 40% and 20% of the final grade. The theoretical-practical evaluation (1) is made by 1 individual resolution test, about 2,5 hours. This component may be replaced by an examination

The summative assessment (2) consists of  sheets, one per class, which are available in the clip at the beginning of the practical part of the classes. They should be solved individually during the practical class, can have consultation, and should be emailed to the teacher at the end of the classes. Students can be asked on this sheet to answer the questions addressed in the class, both theorical and practical, and it will also be normal to include print screen of some practical component steps as well as concrete questions for practical projects. In the practical evaluation component (3) the student has to present to the teacher a report on a practical real case-study that will be solved with support in the last two classes of the semester.

Subject matter

Groundwater modelling: principles; fundamental equations; modeling process (protocol); calibration; input data quality; PMWin-Modflow. Modeling of reactive processes and contaminant transport: hydrolysis, oxidation-reduction, biodegradation, adsorption, evaporation, filtration, precipitation, complexation/pH/redox, adsorption; advection, dispersion, retardation; chemical transport reactions; transport and reactive effects equation; natural attenuation. PMWin-MT3DMS, PHT3D, MT3D99, RT3D, MOC3D e PMPATH. Introduction to fractured rock hydrogeology.

Introduction to fractured rock hydrogeology.

Introduction to hydrogeophysics - hydrogeophysic unit, modelation of hydrogeophisic units and respective generation of flux models.


Programs where the course is taught: