Chemistry of the Elements


This subject has the objective of rationalizing the diversity of inorganic compounds exhibited by the Main Group elements of the Periodic Table.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Carlos Lodeiro Espino


Weekly - 4

Total - 57

Teaching language



Available soon



1 - W. Henderson, Main Group Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2000.

2 - F. A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, P. L. Gaus, Basic Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd ed., Wiley, 1995.

3 - P. Atkins, T. Overton, J. Rourke, M. Weller, F. Armstrong, Srhriver & Atkins’ Inorganic Chemistry, 5th ed., Oxford University Press, 2010.

4 - C. E. Housecroft, A. G. Sharpe, Inorganic Chemistry, 4th Ed., Pearson Prentice Hall, 2012.

5 – R. Chang, Química, 11th ed., McGraw-Hill, 2013.

Teaching method

Available soon

Evaluation method

By tests (2 tests) or by exam. The 2 tests will take place on data to be announced.

Laboratoty grading 

Lab work with delivery of the respective questionnaires, for both lab and online lessons. Only students with positive grade (≥9.5) in the lab part wii be able to complete the subject.


The final grade (NF) will be given by:


NF = 0.20 x P + 0.80 x T


where P is the grade of the practical part and T the grade of the theoretical part, both rounded to one decimal.

The grade of the lab part is the average of the scores of the questionnaires adjusted with the component of continuous assessment during the laboratory classes.

The theoretical grade is the average of the tests (mandatory). This average must be equal to or greater than 9.5. If NT

Subject matter

1. Theoretical lessons

1.1. Introduction. Review of atomic structure: quantum numbers, orbitals, electronic configuration. Effective nuclear charge. Periodic table trends.

1.2. Main group chemistry.

1.2.1. Group 1: hydrogen and alcaline metals. Solubility of salts in water: lattice energy, hydration enthalpy, solution enthalpy.

1.2.2. Group 2: alkaline earth metals.

1.2.3. Group 13.

1.2.4. Group 14.

1.2.5. Group 15. Redox representations: Latimer, Frost and Pourbaix diagrams.

1.2.6. Group 16.

1.2.7. Groups 17 and 18: halogens and noble gases.

1.3. REDOX reactions and their representation.

1.3.1. Basic concepts in REDOX chemistry.

1.3.2. Diagrammatic presentation of potential data: Latimer, Frost and Pourbaix diagrams.