Introduction to Biophysics B

Objectives

To give an introducion to the main concepts of Physics from a Biological point of view.

General characterization

Code

11832

Credits

6.0

Responsible teacher

António Carlos Simões Paiva

Hours

Weekly - 5

Total - 65

Teaching language

Português

Prerequisites

Available soon

Bibliography

- PowerPoint slides presented in the lectures.

Supplementary Bibliography

- “General Physics with Bioscience Essays”, 2nd Ed, Jerry Marion, Wiley, 1985

- “Introdução à Biofísica” Lídia Salgueiro, J. Gomes Ferreira. Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 1991

- “Biofísica Médida” J. J. Pedroso de Lima. Imprensa da Universidade, Coimbra, 2014

Teaching method

Available soon

Evaluation method

There is continuous evaluation throughout the semester or a final exam at the end of the semester.

The continuous evaluation consists of two tests.

Subject matter

0 FORCES
1 OSCILLATIONS
1.1 Frequency and Period
1.2 Linear Restitution Forces
1.3 The Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM)
1.4 Energy in the SHM
1.5 Damping
1.6 Resonance
2 MECHANICAL WAVES
2.1 Transversal and Longitudinal Waves
2.3 Progressive Waves
2.4 Energy and Intensity
2.5 Sound Waves
2.5.1 Decibel Scale
2.5.2 The Doppler Effect
2.5.3 Shockwave
2.6 Superposition and Standing Waves (SW)
2.6.1 SW on a string
2.6.3 Beats
3 ELECTRICAL INTERACTIONS
3.1 Electric Charge and Coulomb Force
3.2 Electric Field
3.3 Electrical Potential
3.4 Capacitors
3.5 Resistance and Electrical Circuits
3.6 Electrostatics in Water
4 MOLECULAR MECHANICS
4.1 Basic Principles
4.2 Molecular Potentials
4.3 Interactions
4.3.1 Electrostatics
4.3.2 Dipole-Dipole
4.3.3 van der Waals
4.4 Hydrogen Bonding
5 WAVE OPTICS
5.1 Interferences
5.1.1 Superposition and Interference
5.1.2 The Huygens Principle
5.2 Diffraction
6 X-RAYS AND THE MACROMOLECULAR STRUCTURE
6.1 Crystals
6.2 X-Ray Diffraction
6.2.1 Emission of X-rays
6.2.2 Diffraction by a Crystal
6.2.3 Bragg''''s Law
6.3 Calculation of Atomic Coordinates
7 GEOMETRIC OPTICS AND COLORS
7.1 Reflection
7.2 Refraction
7.3 Dispersion
7.4 Ray Diagrams
7.5 Mirrors
7.6 Lenses
7.7 Optical Devices.
7.8 Colours
8 THE BIOPHYSICS OF FLUIDS
8.1 Static fluids
8.1.1 Pressure
8.1.2 Density
8.1.3 Pascal''''s Principle
8.1.3 The Buoyant Force
8.1.4 Surface Tension
8.1.5 Capillarity
8.1.6 Surfactants
8.2 Non-viscous Dynamic Fluids
8.2.1 The Continuity Equation
8.2.2 The Bernoulli Equation
8.3 Viscous Dynamic Fluids
8.3.1 Viscosity
8.3.2 Turbulence
8.3.3 Reynolds Number
9. MOLECULAR TRANSPORT PHENOMENA
9.1 Diffusion
9.1.1 Fick''''s First Law
9.1.2 Random Walk
9.1.3 Molecular Transport
9.2 Osmosis

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