Animal Biology


The main objective of this discipline is the knowledge of evolution and animal diversity. In what concerns biodiversity, special attention is given to aspects such as morphology, anatomy and organism-environment relationships and adaptations

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Marta Susana Silvestre Gouveia Martins


Weekly - 4

Total - 56

Teaching language



it does not have


- “Life. The Science of Biology”. Sadava, D., Heller, D. M., Heller, H. C., Hacker, S.D.11ª edição. 2017. Sinauer Associates Inc., USA.

-”Integrated Principles of Zoology”. Hickman, C. P.H.Jr., Keen, S.L., Eisenhour, D.J., Larson, A., l’Anson, H. 17º edição (2017).  McGraw-Hill Education, NY, USA. ISBN 978-1-259-56231-0

- "- “Fauna submarina atlântica”. Luiz Saldanha. 1980. Publicações Europa-América, s.d., Portugal.

Teaching method

Theoretical lectures include the exposition of theoretical contents of the different topics of the syllabus. Other tools will also be used such as Kahoots, video discussion. A final period of the lecture is reserved for interaction with students, discussions and revisions.

The practical component includes laboratory and field classes that allow the practical application of the knowledge acquired.

Evaluation method

Only students who have attended 2/3 of the practical classes will be admitted to the assessment.

The assessment will be continuous.

The theoretical and practical components have the same weight in the final classification (50%). The grade obtained in each of these components must be ≥ 9.5 values ​​to obtain approval for this UC.

Theoretical Component (average of the 3 tests):

- 3 in-person tests

Practical Component (weighted average of the 3 components):

- 2 individual mini-tests (30%)

- 1 group work in digital format (50%)

- presentation and discussion of group work (20%)


Subject matter

The History of life on earth. Evolutionary processes and patterns. Species and speciation. Phylogeny and Metabarcoding. Architecture patterns of animals. Animal corporal plan, movement, feeding and reproduction. Diversity and morfo-functionalities. Principal characteristics of bilateria, protostomio and deuterostomio animals. Characteristics and adaptations of animals from different groups. Transition to terrestrial environment. Animal physiology:  homeostasis, termorregulation. Gas exchange and osmoregulation. Introduction to animal behaviour.


Programs where the course is taught: