Theory of Legal Norm


The aim of this subject is to provide students with the fundamental and general elements of legal knowledge together with an economic relation of the specifications of the principal object of study ? the Law.

Empower the students to provide a first legal approach when confronting the surrounding social realities based on his/her legal background obtain during the classes.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Vítor Alexandre Caetano Pereira das Neves


Weekly - 4.5

Total - Available soon

Teaching language



Available soon


ASCENSÃO, José de Oliveira, O Direito - Introdução e Teoria Geral, Almedina, Coimbra, 2016.

BOBBIO, Norberto, Teoria dell?ordinamento giuridico, Torino, Giappichelli Ed., 1960, pp.69 a 215;

ENGISCH, Karl, Introdução ao pensamento jurídico, 9.ª edição, Lisboa, FCG, 2004, pp.21 a 197;

FERRARA, Francesco, Interpretação e Aplicação das Leis, 4.ª edição, Coimbra, Arménio Amado Editor, 1987, pp.115 a 164 (tradução de Manuel Andrade);

HESPANHA, António Manuel, O Caleidoscópio do direito, Coimbra, Almedina, 2007, pp.429 a 636;

LARENZ, Karl, Metodologia da ciência do direito, 2.ª edição, Lisboa, FCG, pp.297 a 441;

MACHADO, João Baptista, Introdução ao Direito e ao Discurso Legitimador, pp.93 a 113 e 175 a 205;

GALLIGAN, D. J., Law in Modern Society, Oxford, OUP, 2007, pp.158 a 192;

REALE, Miguel, Lições Preliminares de Direito, 10ª edição, Coimbra, 1982, pp.93 a 104 e 117 a 181;

SOUSA, Miguel Teixeira de Sousa, Introdução ao Direito, Almedina, Coimbra, 2016

UNGER, Roberto Mangabeira, What Should Legal Analysis Become?, Nova Iorque, Editora Verso, 1996, pp.113 a 119.

Teaching method

(i) readings of application and additional researches

(ii) exercises regarding practical cases or supplementary texts

(iii) development recommendations,

And debates or short presentations in the classroom delivered by the students

Evaluation method

- Theoretical lectures
- Practical lectures
- Openness to the elaboration to project dissertations, with the prior submission and approval of a project
- Case study
- Debates on a series of themes
 - Final written exam (mandatory)

Final evaluation exam helps to maintain a uniform level of exigency, showing its adequacy in the context of the School. 

Subject matter

The program focuses on the core elements elements of an Introduction to the Theory of Law. Classes will be structured in order to combine a theoretical component and the participation of the students.
Given the diversity of students, there are also differentiated work opportunities for those who wish to participate in discussions or written research, monitored by the professor.


Programs where the course is taught: