Remote Sensing


The curricular unit targets the fundamentals of remote sensing, the main Earth Observation satellite and satellite image processing methods. The final goal is that the student after completion of the unit will be able, in an autonomous way, to design and implement a project to produce information (e.g. thematic cartography) based on satellite images and classification algorithms.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Mário Sílvio Rochinha de Andrade Caetano


Weekly - Available soon

Total - Available soon

Teaching language

Portuguese. If there are Erasmus students, classes will be taught in English


There are no specific course prerequisites.


Caetano, M., 2018. Teoria de Detec¿a¿o Remota, [e-book]. NOVA Information and Management School, Universidade Nova de Lisboa.

Caetano, M., and H. Costa, 2019. Remote Sensing Practicals, [e-book].

Jensen, J.R., 2016. Introductory Digital Image Processing: a Remote Sensing Perspective, 4a Edic¿a¿o. Glenview : Pearson

CCRS, Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing, 2007. Fundamentals of Remote Sensing , [Online].

Remote sensing of land use and land cover: principles and applications / ed. by Chandra P. Giri . - Boca Raton : CRC, 2012 . - 425 p . - (Series in Remote Sensing Applications)
9781420070743. ACESSO NOVA:

Jensen, J.R., 2014. Remote sensing of the environment: an earth resource perspective, 2a Edic¿a¿o. NewJersey: Prentice Hall.

Teaching method

The course has lectures and laboratory sessions. In the lectures, the instructor uses slides to illustrate the theory. The laboratory sessions consist on the use of an image processing software for deriving a thematic map based on spectral and/or temporal pattern analysis. The course also includes seminars to discuss the socioeconomic benefits of remote sensing and research and development trends in satellite remote sensing.


The professor promotes an active and collaborative learning based on real world problem solving.

Evaluation method

Evaluation components:

  • Test (individual) - 30%;
  • Practical Project  - 45%. Group project to solve a real problem by using satellite images and an image software chosen by the group. The problem has to be defined by the group. (Presentation and Report);
  • Essay - 25% - The group can choose between two types of essay: (1) socio-economic benefits of remote sensing within a specific theme selected by the students from a list provided by the Professor, or (2) research and development trends in remote sensing (Presentation and Report)


Both Practical project and essay should be done in a collaborative way by students organised in groups. The composition of the groups for the practical project and essay should be the same. No individual projects or essays are accepted. 


  • Test: 29 april
  • Practical project and essay: 22 may
  • Project and essays presentation and discussion: 24 june


  • Minimum grade in each component - 8
  • Projects not delivered within deadline will be penalized (1 point per day, until 7 points)
  • Projects not delivered through platform are not considered


Subject matter

The Curricular Unit has the following Learning Units (LU):

  • LU 1 Introduction to remote sensing and to the course
  • LU 2 Remote sensing principles
  • LU 3 Characteristics of Earth observation satellites and sensors
  • LU 4 Exploratory analysis
  • LU 5 Image pre-processing
  • LU 6 Band transformations
  • LU 7 Image information extraction (image classification)
  • LU 8 Multi-temporal image analysis
  • LU 9 Error analysis in thematic maps
  • LU 10 Socioeconomic benefits of remote sensing
  • LU 11 Practical exercises on satellite image processing
  • LU 12 Real world problem solving based on satellite image processing