History of Revolutions in the Contemporary Era


a) To acquire the necessary scientific upgrade to the knowledge and the questioning of revolutions as a major modern/contemporary subject
b) Understand the causes, major events and consequences of revolutionary moments in Modern/Contemporary History
c) To question aspects of political and social modernity inherent to several modern/contemporary revolutions
d) To analyze the importance of revolutionary moments in the context of Modern/Contemporary History
e) To have the ability to present orally and to write a paper of original research
f) To acquire the knowledge to enable the pursue of a thorough research into the modern/contemporary era.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Daniel Ribeiro Alves


Weekly - 3

Total - 280

Teaching language



Available soon


Aprile, Sylvie; Caron, Jean-Claude; Fureix, Emmanuel, La liberté guidant les peuples: Les révolutions de 1830 en Europe, Seyssel, Editions Champ Vallon, 2013.

Arendt, Hannah, On revolution, Viking Press, 1965.

Ascher, Abraham, The Revolution of 1905: Authority restored, Stanford University Press, 1994.

Ascher, Abraham, The Revolution of 1905: Russia in Disarray, Stanford University Press, 1994.

Baker, Keith Michael; Edelstein, Dan (eds.), Scripting Revolution: A Historical Approach to the Comparative Study of Revolutions, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2015.

Donald, Moira; Rees, Tim (eds.), Reinterpreting revolution in twentieth-century Europe, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 2001.

Dorigny, Marcel, Révoltes et révolutions en Europe et aux Amériques: 1773-1802, Belin, 2004.

Dowe, Dieter (ed.), Europe in 1848: Revolution and Reform, New York, Berghahn Books, 2001.

Doyle, William, Origins of the French Revolution, Oxford University Press, 1999.

Dubois, Laurent, Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution, Harvard University Press, 2005.

Evans, Robert John Weston; Pogge von Strandmann, H. (eds.), The Revolutions in Europe, 1848-1849: From Reform to Reaction, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2000.

Ferreira, Fátima Sá e Melo; Carmo, Isabel do; Pereira, Miriam Halpern (eds.), Rebeliões, Revoltas e Revoluções, Lisboa, Imprensa Nacional‑Casa da Moeda, 2022.

Figes, Orlando, A tragédia de um povo. A Revolução Russa. 1891-1924, Lisboa, Publicações Dom Quixote, 2017.

Fitzpatrick, Sheila, A Revolução Russa, Lisboa, Tinta-da-China, 2017.

Foran, John (ed.), Theorizing Revolutions, London, Routledge, 1997.

Foran, John; Lane, David Stuart; Zivkovic, Andreja (eds.), Revolution in the making of the modern world: social identities, globalization, and modernity, New York, Routledge, 2008.

Furet, François, Interpreting the French Revolution, Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Furet, François, The French Revolution: 1770-1814, Wiley-Blackwell, 1996.

Hamnett, Brian R., Roots of Insurgency: Mexican Regions, 1750-1824, Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Hanioğlu, M. Şükrü, Preparation for a revolution: the Young Turks, 1902-1908, Oxford University Press, 2001.

Goldstone, Jack A., Revolution and rebellion in the early modern world, University of California Press, 1993.

Goldstone, Jack A. (ed.), Revolutions: Theoretical, Comparative, and Historical Studies, Wadsworth Publishing, 2002.

Guerra, François-Xavier (ed.), Las revoluciones hispánicas: independencias americanas y liberalismo español, Editorial Complutense, 1995.

Kurzman, Charles, Democracy denied: 1905-1915, Harvard University Press, 2008.

Martins, Fernando e Oliveira, Pedro Aires (ed.), As Revoluções Contemporâneas, Lisboa, Edições Colibri, 2005.

Pilbeam, Pamela M., The 1830 revolution in France, Macmillan, 1991.

Read, Christopher, From Tsar to Soviets: the Russian people and their revolution, 1917-21, Taylor & Francis, 1996.

Skocpol, Theda, States and social revolutions: a comparative analysis of France, Russia, and China, Cambridge University Press, 1979.

Sperber, Jonathan, The European revolutions, 1848-1851, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Tackett, Timothy, The Coming of the Terror in the French Revolution, Harvard, Harvard University Press, 2015.

Thatcher, Ian D., Reinterpreting revolutionary Russia: essays in honour of James D. White, New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

Tilly, Charles, European revolutions, 1492-1992, Wiley-Blackwell, 1996.

Valente, Vasco Pulido, O Poder e o Povo, Lisboa, Círculo de Leitores, 1999.

Wade, Rex A., The Russian Revolution, 1917, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Woloch, Isser (ed.), Revolution and the meanings of freedom in the nineteenth century, Stanford University Press, 1996.

Wood, Gordon S., The Radicalism of the American Revolution, Vintage, 1993.

Teaching method

Theoretical classes with presentation by the professor of the various points of the program.
Theoretical-practical classes with oral presentation by students of selected texts, followed by discussion with colleagues and the professor.
Practical classes with distribution of texts for analysis and reflection; dedicated to the preparation of oral presentations; dedicated to the preparation of research and the elaboration of written works.

Evaluation method

Attendance and interventions in debates in theoretical-practical classes - (30%)
Oral presentation (10 minutes) of the draft version of the research work, in the class of May 31, 2023 - (10%)
Elaboration of a research work using sources (between 35 thousand and 40 thousand characters with spaces, not counting footnotes and bibliography), to be delivered in its final version on June 7, 2023 (by email and printed) - (60%)

Grade improvement with new research work, to be delivered preferably in the following semester.

Subject matter

From the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century

- The concept of "revolution": from sources to historiography
- Revolution, revolt and rebellion: variations on the same topic?
- The importance of the revolutionary moment(s) in contemporary history

Founding revolutions?
- The American Revolution between ruptures and permanences
- The French Revolution in History and Historiography: the origins, the Terror and the legacy of the French Revolution
- The Haitian Revolution

Liberal revolutions in Europe: first waves?
- Revolutions in Mediterranean Europe
- Revolution of 1830 in France

Failed revolutions?
- The revolutions of 1848
- The Paris Commune of 1871

Last wave of the 19th century or first of the 20th century?
- The Russian Revolution of 1905
- The Young Turks Revolution of 1908
- The Portuguese Republican Revolution of 1910
- The Chinese Republican Revolution of 1911

A new kind of revolution for the 20th century?:
- Introduction to the Russian Revolution of 1917