Fluid Thermodynamics


After this curricular unit, a student will be able to:

 -Understand and know how to apply the principles of conservation of the mass and energy, in the integral formulation, for an open system (control volume). Psychrometric analysis.

 -Understand the main concepts of the Fluid Mechanics.

 -Know the techniques and equipment for the measurement of pressure, velocity, temperature and flow.

 -Calculate pressures and velocities in flows using Bernoulli equation. Design the installation characteristic curve and choose a pump.

-Apply similarity concepts and dimensional analysis.

 -Know the fundamental modes of heat transfer and solve basic problems of conduction, natural and forced convection using empirical correlations.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Luís Miguel Chagas da Costa Gil


Weekly - 4

Total - 76

Teaching language



- Fisica I, Fisica II

- Mecânica Aplicada


Paixão Conde, J. M., Gil L., “Introdução à dinâmica dos fluidos e à transmissão do calor”,

White, F. M.,“Mecânica dos Fluidos”, McGraw-Hill, 4ª ed., 2002.

Oliveira, Luis Adriano, Lopes, António Gameiro, " Mecânica dos Fluidos" Lidel, Lisboa Portugal

Moran, M, J., Shapiro, H. N. "Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics", Wiley

Holman, J. P., “Heat Transfer”, McGraw-Hill,

Teaching method

The lectures will be as interactive with the students as possible. The students are encouraged to raise questions about the topics being discussed in a lecture. 

In the problem-solving sessions, problems are proposed to the students with the goals: to exercise their critical thinking and ability to discuss ideas, to consolidate their use of terminology, as well as to prepare for an exam.

Evaluation method

Método de Avaliação Contínua (Genérico)

Tipo D – 3 mini-testes

Classificação final - 35% teste 1 + 40% teste 2 + 25% teste 3

Classificação minima 3º teste  - 30%

Subject matter

1. Engineering Thermodynamics Module.

1.1-Control volume analysis.

1.2- Conservation of mass and energy applied to psychrometric systems. Psychrometric charts.

 2. Fluid Dynamics module.

2.1- Statics of fluids. Manometry.

2.2- Applications to steady flow and incompressible fluid: Bernoulli equation. Velocity and flow rate measurement.

2.3- Internal incompressible flows in ducts. Installation operating conditions characterization. Choice of pumps and cavitation (NPSH)

 3. Heat Transfer module

3.1-Heat transfer modes: Fourier, Newton and Stefan-Boltzmann laws.

3.2-Conduction: Temperature profiles and heat flux. Electrical analogy.

3.3- Forced Convection: Prandtl and Nusselt numbers. Empirical correlations.
3.4-Natural Convection: Grashof number. Local and mean Nusselt numbers. Empirical correlations.


Programs where the course is taught: