Sustainability and Operations


The main objective of the course is to provide students with the knowledge, skills and competences to:

-       Understand the objectives and importance of Operations Management to organizations.

-       Identify the Sustainability goals.

-       Categorize the principles of Circular Economy throughout the product life cycle.

-       Apply Lean management tools to identify environmental and social “wastes”.

-       Analyse and balance production / assembly lines.

-       Apply material management models with the inclusion of environmental criteria.

-       Communicate effectively (writing and verbally).

-       Work individually and in group and to deliver, working, in defined deadlines.

-       Organise team work. 

General characterization





Responsible teacher

António Carlos Bárbara Grilo, Helena Maria Lourenço Carvalho Remígio


Weekly - 2

Total - 36

Teaching language



No requirements.


Rother, M., Shook, J. (2003). Learning to see: Value Stream Mapping to Create Value and eliminate muda. The Lean Enterprise Institute, MA, USA

Weetman, C. (2017) A Circular Economy Handbook for Business and Supply Chains: Repair, Remake, Redesign, Rethink. 1st ed. London ; New York: Kogan Page Ltd

Rousseaux, P., et al. (2017). “Eco-tool-seeker”A new and unique business guide for choosing ecodesign tools. J. Clean. Prod., 151, 546–577

UNEP. (2013). The Methodological Sheets for Sub-Categories in Social Life Cycle Assessment (S-LCA)

Verrier, B., Rose, B., Caillaud, E. (2016). Lean and Green strategy: The Lean and Green House and maturity deployment model. J. Clean. Prod., 116, 150–156

Sutherland, J. W., et al. (2016). The role of manufacturing in affecting the social dimension of sustainability. CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology, 65(2), 689–712

Teaching method

A UC é lecionada em aulas teórico-práticas, com uma carga de 2 horas/semana. O método de ensino consiste em múltiplas metodologias tais como: exposição de conteúdos teóricos, resolução de exercícios, discussão de estudos de caso, e desenvolvimento de um projeto de síntese. Ao longo do semestre será desenvolvido um projeto de carater laboratorial onde os estudantes poderão aplicar os conhecimentos adquiridos.

Evaluation method

The final evaluation of the course will be based on the following elements:

-       Project Evaluation (Proj) - to be done in group. It comprises three components: i) preparation of the activities to be carried out, ii) the degree of success and iii) presentation and discussion of the results.

-       2 written tests (T1 and T2)

The final grade is defined as follows: Final grade = 0.35 T1 + 0.25 T2 + 0.4 Proj

The frequency, valid for 1 year, depends on obtaining a rating equal to or greater than 9.50 in the Project grade.

Approval at UC occurs if the final grade is equal to or greater than 9.50.

Subject matter

Management and production systems in industry and services. Productivity, competitiveness and optimization concepts.

Definition of sustainability and its 3 pillars: environmental, social and economic.

Lean Management: lean waste, Value Stream Mapping (VSM), problem diagnosis tools: fishbone diagram e 5Why.

The principles of Circular Economy.

Product life cycle analysis.

 Ecodesign and its strategies.

Layout. Balancing assembly lines.

 Materials management.


Programs where the course is taught: