Technology of Surfaces and Interfaces


This final year subject of the course is intended to show students how the acquired knowledge of Physics is applied in modern engineering.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Maria de Fátima Guerreiro da Silva Campos Raposo, Susana Isabel Santos Silva Sério Venceslau


Weekly - 2

Total - 26

Teaching language



Solid State Physics.


-“Physical vapor deposition of thin films ” – John E. Mahan

-“Introduction to plasma physics” – Gurnett and Bhattacharjee

-“Physics of thin films ” – Maurice H. Francombe and John L. Vossen

-“Physical chemistry of surfaces” – Arthur W. Adamson, Alice P. Cast.

-“Physics at surfaces”- Andrew Zangwill.

-“An Introduction to ultrathin organic Films from Langmuir to Self-assembly”-Abraham Ulman.

-“Multilayer Thin Films- Sequential assembly of nanocomposite Materials”- Gero decher, Joseph B. Schlenoff, Jean-Marie Lehn.

Teaching method

The Theoretical and Practical classes last 2 h. In 2/3 of these classes, the syllabus that are organized into Learning Units (UA), are grouped in documents and available on CLIP, will be exposed using a video projector and in the remaining classes, group work will be carried out. 

Evaluation method

Assessment Methods:

See details in portuguese.


Subject matter

1. Introduction to Physics of Surfaces

1.1. Definitions and physical properties of surfaces

1.2. Surface tension, contact angle and capillary

1.3. Processing surfaces and changes its properties


2. Thin films and coatings

2.1. Vacuum evaporation

2.2. Introduction to Physics of Plasmas and magnetron discharges

2.3. Use of sputtering in thin film

2.4. Preparation of surfaces (substrates)

2.5. Application of plasmas to surface treatments

2.6. Obtaining patterns in thin films

2.7. Technological applications of Thin Films and coatings


3. Nature of thin films and coatings

3.1. Condensation, nucleation and growth of thin films

3.2. Structures in thin films

3.3. Thickness, composition, mechanical, electrical and optical properties of thin films

4. Methods of Organic Thin Films

4.1. Molecular monolayers

4.1.1. Langmuir

4.1.2. chemical adsorption

4.1.3. physical adsorption

4.2. Molecular Heterostructures

4.2.1. Filmes de Langmuir Blodgett

4.2.2.Layer-by-layer method

4.2.3. "Spray" method

4.2.4. Molecular encapsulation

4.2.5. Inkjet

4.2.6. Dedicated lithography


Programs where the course is taught: