Living-Resources Protection from Pollution and Climate Change

Objectives

By the end of this Curricular Module, students will have acquired knowledge, skills and competences that allow them to: 

-        Understand the “One Health” Concept

-        Identify the main groups of pollutants (emerging, micro and nanopollutants) and sources of contamination in the marine environment;

-        Know the current legislation that sets limits for marine pollutants;

-        Understand the ecotoxicological effects elicited by pollutants on marine organisms, at different organizational levels (from cells to populations);

-        Identify climate change-related stressors and understand how they can influence pollutants’ bioavailability, bioaccumulation and toxicity;

-        Know the main methodologies to determine pollutant levels in abiotic and biotic matrices;

-        Become acquainted with some of the most innovative strategies to mitigate marine pollution and adapt marine ecosystems to the projected climate change impacts;

Know how to prevent and control marine pollution, acting in accordance with the 2030 UN goals 6, 13 and 14.

General characterization

Code

12881

Credits

6.0

Responsible teacher

Marta Susana Silvestre Gouveia Martins

Hours

Weekly - 3

Total - 46

Teaching language

Português

Prerequisites

n/a

Bibliography

Durán-Álvarez, J.C., Jiménez-Cisneros, B. (2021). Pharmaceuticals in Marine and Coastal Environments: Occurrence, Effects and Challenges in a Changing World. Elsevier, Amsterdam. 669 p. DOI: 10.1016/C2018-0-01459-0

Maulvault, A.L. et al. (2019). Living in a multi-stressors environment: An integrated biomarker approach to assess the ecotoxicological response of meagre (Argyrosomus regius) to venlafaxine, warming and acidification. Environ Res 169, 7-25.

Amiard-Triquet, et al. (2015). Aquatic Ecotoxicology: Advancing Tools for Dealing with Emerging Risks. Elsevier, Amsterdam. 504 p.

Martins, M. et al. (2019). Advances on assessing nanotoxicity in marine fish – the pros and cons of combining an ex vivo approach and histopathological analysis in gills. Aqua Tox, 217, 105322. 

IPCC (2021). Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Cambridge University Press. In Press

Teaching method

The teaching methodology includes theoretical-practical classes (TP), field trips and laboratory work (PL). TP classes include the exposition of different theoretical contents through slide presentations, tutorial videos and group presentations and discussion of case-studies (e.g. reports, papers), as well as flipped classes, promoting students’ autonomy and critical thought towards problem solving. PL contact hours include laboratory and field classes to collect environmental samples and further analyses of pollutants and their effects in marine resources, maximizing the knowledge of the sector and a practical application of the acquired theoretical concepts. 

Evaluation method

The assessment is continuous and comprises: 
- one individual mini-test (20%) 
- a group written work (30%)
- a final work with oral and written presentation (poster+anstract) (50%)

Subject matter

1. The “One Health” concept - Environment, Marine Resources, Humans
2. Marine Pollution
2.1. Main sources
2.2. Contaminants and legislation
2.3. Pollution and Aquaculture
Methodologies to analyse contaminants in marine matrices
3.1. Analytical methodologies
3.2. in situ Monitoring
Ecotoxicológical responses in marine organisms
4.1. Bioassays
4.2. Molecular, biochemical, histopathological responses
4.3. Behavioural,transgenerational and community effects 
Pollution and climate change
5.1. Influence of abiotic parameters on contaminant bioavailability, distribution and transfer
5.2. Climate change effects on pollutants’ toxicity in marine resources
5.3. Climate change a seafood safety
Strategies for environmental and marine resources protection
6.1. Mitigations measures to reduce contaminant levels
             6.2. Strategies towards climate change adaptation

Programs

Programs where the course is taught: