1- To calculate 1st and 2nd law quantities;
2 - The entropy scale and the role of 3rd law;
3- To calculate the effect of T and P on thermodynamic functions and phase changes;
4- The chemical potential governs flow of matter between phases;
5- To apply the phase rule and the Clapeyron equation;
6- To calculate fugacity and activity coefficients;
7- To calculate partial molar and mixing quantities;
8- To apply Raoult’s and Henry’s laws to VL equilibrium, and calculate colligative properties;
9- To calculate the effect of T and P on the equilibrium constant;
10- To calculate the activity of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes
11 -To apply thermodynamic principles to biological systems
Ana Isabel Nobre Martins Aguiar de Oliveira Ricardo
Weekly - 2
Total - 40
The course is organized into lectures including problem-solving sessions (TP, 28h) and some computer lab sessions. Fundamentals are explained during the lectures, using data show and challenging the students to solve and think about new problems. It is provided access to a page – Moodle - containing all course material and related information. Theory mark: average of 2 mid-term tests or final exam. Minimum theory mark: 9,5 val.
Theory mark: average of 2 mid-term tests or final exam. Minimum theory mark: 9,5 val.
1) Chemical Thermodynamics
1.1) The conservation of energy & 1st law of Thermodynamics.
1.3) The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics: applications.
1.4) Gibbs equations. Chemical potential.
1.5) Phase equilibrium and chemical equilibrium.
1.6) Partial molar properties and mixture properties.
2.1) Ideal solutions. Raoult''s Law and Henry''s Law.
2.2) Real solutions, Activity and the Activity coefficient. Excess properties.
2.3) Colligative properties
Programs where the course is taught: