Stratigraphy and Paleontology


Development of skills in the field of stratigraphic records and analysis the identification of fossils. Preparation, understanding and interpretation of stratigraphic columns.
Analysis and interpretation of rock sequences, characterization of their relationship in space and time. Analysis of facies successions and their interpretation in terms of evolution of sedimentary environments. Definition and characterization of units stratigraphy and its application. Understanding and handling of Table of divisions stratigraphy.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Paulo Alexandre Rodrigues Roque Legoinha


Weekly - 4

Total - 51

Teaching language



CU optional.


BROOKFIELD, M. (2004) - Principles of Stratigraphy. Blackwell, Malden, Oxford, Carlton, 340 p.
CONDIE, K.C. & SLOAN, R. (1998) - Origin and evolution of Earth. Principles of historical geology. Prentice-Hall, 498p.
DABRIO, C. & HERNANDO, S. (2003) – Estratigrafia. Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Univ. Complutense de Madrid, Colección Geociencias, 382 p.
MONROE, J.S. & WICANDER, R. (2000) – Historical Geology. Evolution of Earth and life through time. Brooks / Cole, Thomson Learning, 580p.
VERA TORRES, J. A. (1994) - Estratigrafia, principios e métodos. Ed. Rueda, Madrid, 806 p.

Teaching method

Theoretical lectures with multimedia support.
- Blended learning using Moodle: powerpoint presentations and bibliography (.pdf; .doc; websites, videos).
- Practical lessons with resolution of exercises concerning stratigraphic concepts, drawing of lithostratigraphic columns from field descriptions, tentative of correlations and interpretation of paleogeographic evolution.
- Field trip: observation and explanation of some pedagogical outcrops where stratigraphical concepts can be shown and aplied.

Evaluation method

Avaliação contínua com 2 testes e 2 trabalhos (de grupo).

Classificação final: média das classificações obtidas nos testes (50%) e nos trabalhos (25% + 25%). Aproveitamento com nota >= 9,5/20.

Frequência: presença obrigatória a 2/3 das aulas e entrega dos trabalhos. 

Alunos com frequência podem ir a exame de recurso.

Subject matter

Fundamentals of Stratigraphy. Definition and objectives. Historical aspects. Stratigraphic Classification. Dimension "time". Rock systems and time periods. Principles of Stratigraphy.
Discontinuities. Facies. Sequential analysis. Paleogeography. Stratigraphy of events. Lithostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic, biostratigraphic units. Stratotype. Chronostratigraphical and geochronological scales. Paleobiogeographic, Palaeoecology. Methods of physical and geochemical stratigraphy. Correlations. Global syntheses.
Geohistory. Pre-Cambrian. Paleozoic. Caledonic and Hercinian or Variscan Orogenic cycles. Mesozoic. Alpine orogenic cycle. Paleoclimatology. Cenozoic. Continuation of the Alpine orogenic cycle, paroxysmal phases. Paleogeography. Paleoclimatology.
Exercises involving concepts of stratigraphy and lithostratigraphic column design, interpretation.
Field trip, visits to exemplary illustration of outcrops of stratigraphic concepts.


Programs where the course is taught: