Criminal Liability


Promote and motivate the students to develop their skills of research, critical analysis and exposition, as well as his capacity to apply acquired theoretical knowledge and his sense of ethical justice.

Give the necessary theoretical and practice knowledge that will allowed the student to:

a.      Understand the principles and fundamental concepts of the criminal law

b.      Understand and be able to analyse critically the doctrine and jurisprudence in criminal law

c.       Understand and make critical appreciation of criminal cases

Skills: Learn to identify the criminal subjects in concrete criminal cases.

And learn how to use the main principles and criminal law concepts in the resolution of criminal cases

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Bárbara Sousa Brito


Weekly - 6

Total - 72

Teaching language



Criminal Law Theory 


BELEZA, Teresa Pizarro, Direito Penal, 2.º volume, Lisboa, AAFDL, 1980.

DIAS, Jorge de Figueiredo, Direito Penal. Parte Geral. Questões fundamentais da doutrina geral do crime, Tomo I, 3.ªed., Gestlegal, 2019.

COSTA, José de Faria, Direito Penal, Coimbra, Almedina, 2017.

PALMA, Maria Fernanda, Direito Penal. Parte Geral, Lisboa, 5.ºed., AAFDL, 2020.

PINTO, Frederico de Lacerda da Costa, A Categoria da Punibilidade na Teoria do Crime, Tomo I e II, Coimbra, Almedina, 2013. 

ROXIN, Claus, Strafrecht - Allgemeiner Teil, Bd. I (5.ª ed.), Bd. II (trad. castelhana: Derecho penal- Parte General, I e II, Madrid, Civitas, 2008 e 2014), München, Beck, 2020 e 2003.

STRATENWERTH, Günter, Strafrecht - Allgemeiner Teil, Bd.I (trad. Castelhana: Derecho Penal, Parte general I: El hecho punible, Madrid, Civitas, 2005), 5.ª ed., Köln, Heymanns, 2005.

JAKOBS, Günther, Strafrecht, Allgemeiner Teil: die Grundlagen und die Zurechnunsglehre, 2.ªed.,  Berlin, Gruyter, 1991.


Teaching method

The study of criminal theory and how it should and is used by the jurisprudence.

Evaluation method

The evaluation elements will be those determined in the Regulation of the First Cycle of Studies Conducting the Degree  in Law. In this way the evaluation can never be inferior to the evaluation score of the final exam and will correspond to this one whenever it corresponds to the most favorable evaluation score. The final mark may be higher than the final exam, considering the oral intervention of the students in the classes and an intermediate (optional) test

Subject matter

I. The theory of crime and its evolution

II. Actus reus

1.The behaviour or act requirement (action versus omission)


IV. Mens rea



3. Negligence

4. Other mens rea states

IV. Wrongdoing


2. Justification

IV. Guilt



V. Punishment conditions

VI. Participation

1.Modes of participation

VII. Attempt

VII. Plurality of crimes


Programs where the course is taught: