Saúde e Ambiente


No final desta UC os alunos devem ser capazes de:
1. To recognize the characteristics of the biological and ecological environment (water, sanitation, food, housing) most relevant for the exposure to disease agents and risks, particularly for communicable diseases.
2. To recognize the characteristics of the man-made environment (urbanization and non-biological disease agents / risk factors).
3. To analyse the usual competencies of the Health Sector (epidemiological surveillance networks) for the promotion of healthy environment.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Marta Pingarilho


Weekly - Se a UC for oferecida como opcional, o horário será disponibilizado no 2º semestre

Total - 40

Teaching language



Não se aplica


• WHO and UNICEF (2021) Progress on household Drinking-Water, sanitation and Hygiene (five years into the SDGs).
• National Institutes of Health (US); Biological Sciences Curriculum Study. Understanding “Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases”, 2007
• Brooker S et al. (2006) Global epidemiology, ecology and control of soil-transmitted helmint infections. Adv Parasitol 62: 221-261.
• TILLEY, E.; LUETHI, C.; MOREL, A.; ZURBRUEGG, C.; SCHERTENLEIB, R. (2008) Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies. Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology.
• Centro de Vigilância Epidemiológica Prof. Alexandre Vranjac (2008) Vigilância Epidemiológica das Doenças Transmitidas por Água e Alimentos. Investigação de surtos. S. Paulo, Brasil.
• United Nations Human Settlements Programme,2008. State of the World’s Cities 2008/2009. Harmonious Cities. Earthscan.
• World Health Organization and World Meteorological Organization 2012. Atlas of health and climate. Geneva, 2012.

Teaching method

Classroom teaching; guided information search; tutorship of practical work on the utilization of concepts, data and methodologies.

Evaluation method

The evaluation methods focus on: a) the integration of knowledge and capacities among the thematic contents; b) the application of knowledge to the study of specific situations and cases.

Subject matter

I. The concept of environmental health. The elements of the environment with an impact on health.
II. Emmerging, re-emmerging disaeses and the environment.
III. Water: the cycle and utilization; water quality and treatment.
IV. Food: the food supply system and contamination.
V. Sewage: sewage treatment and impact on health determinants and transmission of disease.
VI. Man-made habitat: a variety of risk factors (radiations, air pollution, food contamination, dioxins and chemical contamination); housing characteristics and their effects on health facilitation of exposures / protection.
VII. The working environment: risk factors and pathogens.
VIII. Other specific emerging themes on the environment: rapid urbanization; climate change.


Programs where the course is taught: