Maritime Law and Civil Liability


  1. To understand the framework of the contract of affreightment and the different "charter parties" in the shipping market, including, the analyses of the BIMCO contracts for voyage, demise and time charters.
  2. To understand the marine insurance, including the basic issues, concepts and draftsmanship involved in placing hull and machinery insurance in the London market and obtaining liability insurance provided by P&I Clubs (protection and indemnity clubs).
  3. To identify and to analyse the ocean pollution conventions, available limitations on a shipowner's liability in respect of marine pollution, conventions.
  4. To identify the legal frame of the general average issues and application of the York-Antwerp Rules.
  5. To identify the national law covering the arrest of ships, registration of vessels and mortgages of vessels and judicial sales of vessels and priority of claims.
  6. To identify the international conventions on the carriage of goods by sea, including the products of such conventions: the Hague Rules, the Hague-Visby Rules and the SDR Protocol, the Hamburg Rules and the Rotterdam Rules.
  7. To identify the salvage issues and documents, including the International Convention on Salvage, 1989, Lloyd's Open Form 2000 and Lloyd's SCOPIC 2005 clauses.
  8. To identify and to analyze the maritime guarantees, mainly, the liens and mortgages in shipping.
  9. To identify the European Union legal regime of the maritime transport of goods.
  10. To identify and to analyse the maritime finance, including review and dissection of complicated loan agreements, related security documents, including guarantees, assignments of insurances, assignments of earnings and ship mortgages.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Duarte Lynce de Faria


Weekly - 2

Total - 24

Teaching language



Not Applicable


1. Portuguese
ALVES DE BRITO, J.M.F., "Seguro Marítimo de Mercadorias - descrição e notas ao seu regime jurídico", Editora Almedina, Coimbra, 2006;
AURELIANO, N., "A Salvação Marítima", Editora Almedina, Coimbra, 2006;
COSTA DIOGO, L., JANUÁRIO, R.,"Direito Comercial Marítimo", Editora Quid Juris, Lisboa, 2008;
COSTEIRA DA ROCHA, F., "O contrato de transporte de mercadorias", Almedina, Coimbra, 2002;
LYNCE DE FARIA, D., "O contrato de volume e o transporte marítimo de mercadorias - dos granéis aos contentores, do "tramping" às linhas regulares", Almedina, Coimbra, 2018;
LYNCE DE FARIA, D., "O transporte internacional marítimo de mercadorias", Bertrand, Lisboa, 1996;
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M., "O Ensino do Direito Marítimo", Almedina, Coimbra, 2005;
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M. (coord.), "Leis Marítimas", 2ª edição, Almedina, Coimbra, 2007;
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M. (coord.), "I Jornadas de Lisboa de Direito Marítimo, 6 e 7 de março de 2008", Almedina, Coimbra, 2008;
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M., "Direito Marítimo", vol. IV, ( Acontecimentos de Mar), Almedina, Coimbra,
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M., "Temas de Direito dos Transportes I", Almedina, Coimbra, 2010;
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M., "Limitação de Responsabilidade por Créditos Marítimos", Almedina, Coimbra, 2010;
JANUÁRIO DA COSTA GOMES, M. (coord.), "II Jornadas de Lisboa de Direito Marítimo, 11 e 12 de novembro de 2010", Almedina, Coimbra, 2012;
OLIVEIRA COELHO, C., "Poluição Marítima por Hidrocarbonetos e Responsabilidade Civil", Editora Almedina,
Coimbra, 2007;
RAPOSO, MÁRIO, "Estudos sobre o novo Direito Marítimo", Coimbra Editora, 1999;
SOUSA FERREIRA, P., "O Salvamento em Direito dos Seguros", Editora Almedina, Coimbra, 2014;
VASCONCELOS ESTEVES, J., "Direito Marítimo", vol. I (Introdução. Armamento), vol. II (Contrato de utilização do navio), vol. III (Acontecimentos de mar) e vol. IV (da autoria de Adelino Cecílio da Costa e com a coordenação de V. Esteves - Seguro Marítimo), Livraria Petrony, Lisboa, 1987 a 1990.


2. International (among all, IMO VEGA DATABASE electronic books)

ARROYO, D.W. - International maritime conventions, Deventer (Netherlands), Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 2010.
Yearbook maritime law , Deventer (The Netherlands), Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers. Annual.
BIRNIE, P. AND BOYLE, A. - Basic documents on international law and the environment. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2010.
BREITZKE, C./LUX, J./VERLAAN, P. "Maritime law handbook", 3 Vols. The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 2010.
COMITÉ MARITIME INTERNATIONAL (CMI) - International conventions on maritime law. Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksel;
Yearbook, Antwerp (Belgium), CMI. Annual; Handbook of maritime conventions, New York: Matthew Bender, 2015;
COOKE, J. (e outros), Voyage Charters, Lloyd's of London Press, London, 1993;
GABALDON GARCIA, J.L. La hipoteca naval : Derecho comparado y derecho uniforme. Vitoria-Gasteiz: Servicio Central de Publicaciones des Gobierno, Vasco, 2001.
HAZELWOOD, S. J., P&I Clubs. Law and Practice, 2.ª ed., Lloyd's of London Press, London, 1994.
HODGES, S & HILL,C. Principles of maritime law. London, Lloyd's of London Press, 2001.
McARDLE, A. D. - International ship arrest: A practical guide. London, Lloyd's of London Press, 1988.
MEESON, N. - Admiralty jurisdiction and practice. 3rd. ed. London, LLP Professional Publishing, 2003.
READY, N.P., Ship Registration, 2.ª Ed., Lloyd's of London Press, London, 1994;
RUE, C. (de la) - Liability for damage to the marine environment. 2nd ed. London, Lloyd's of London Press, 1998.
SCHOENBAUM, T.J. - Admiralty and maritime law. 3rd. Ed. St. Paul (Minn.) (USA), West Publishing Co., 2001.
TETLEY, W. - Maritime liens and claims. ed. Montreal, International Shipping Publications, 2012.
VINCENZINI, E., International Salvage Law, Lloyd's of London Press, London, 1992.
WILFORD, M. (e outros), Time Charters, Lloyd's of London Press, London, 1978.

(REMARKS: The complete bibliography shall be available in e-learning platform)

Teaching method

The sessions will include presentation of the various issues on a theoretical point of view and some practical cases on international maritime law. Teaching will include lectures and practical drills.

Evaluation method

Assessment will be based on a final written test (exam).

Subject matter

  1. Presentation and objectives (2 hours).
  2. The "charter party" regime (4 hours).
  3. The international maritime transport of goods conventions (4 hours).
  4. The international conventions on pollution (4 hours).
  5. Maritime insurance and the P&I Clubs (4 hours).
  6. General average and the York-Antwerp Rules (4 hours).
  7. National law that rules the Arrest of Vessels, Registration of Vessels and Mortgages of Vessels, Judicial Sales of Vessels and Priority of Claims (4 hours).
  8. Maritime salvage regime (2 hours).
  9. Maritime guarantees and maritime finance (2 hours).
  10. Final conclusions (2 hours).