Human Rights International Protection Systems


I. Understand the different narratives of the development of international human rights and their implications

II. Know the most important and relevant international and regional legal instruments and institutions that seek to protect human rights

III. Understand the differences between civil and political rights, on the one hand, and socio-economic and cultural rights, on the other hand

IV. Critically reflect on mainstream narratives that have emerged in relation to non-European regional human rights systems

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Veronica Corcodel


Weekly - 3

Total - 36

Teaching language



Not Applicable


QUEIROZ, Cristina M. M., A Protecção Internacional dos Direitos do Homem, in: CRISTINA QUEIROZ, Estudos de Direito Público Comparado, Filosofia do Direito e Relações Internacionais, tomo I, Lisboa: Petrony, 2018, pp. 61-90.

APPIAH, K. Antony, e GUTNANN, Amy, Human Rights, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

BOBBIO, Norberto, Letà dei diritti 1990-1992, Turim, 1997.

CASSESE, Antonio, I Diritii Humani Oggi, Bari: Laterza, 2006.

CLAPHAM, Andrew, Human Rights. A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

DEMBOUR, Marie-Bénédicte, When Humans Become Migrants. Study of the European Court of Human Rights with an Inter-American Counterpoint, Oxford University Press, 2015.

DONNELY, Jack, Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice, 2ª ed., Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.

ENGSTROM, Par, The Inter-American Human Rights System: Impact Beyond Compliance (ed), Palgrave Macmillan, 2019.

GREER, Steven, GERARDS, Janneke, and SLOWE, Rose, Human rights in the Council of Europe and the European Union: Achievements, trends and challenges, Cambridge University Press, 2018.

IGNATIEFF, Michael, The Rights Revolution, Toronto, 2000.

OKAFOR, Obiora Chinedu, The African human rights system, activist forces and international institutions, Cambridge University Press, 2007.

POSNER, Eric A., The Twilight of Human Rights Law, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

SUNRIJO, Dwi Ardhanariswari, Regionalizing Global Human Rights Norms in Southeast Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, 2020.

TOMUSCHAT, Christian, Human Rights. Between Idealism and Realism, 2ª ed., Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Teaching method

Seminars and interactive workshops.

Evaluation method

Students will receive a grade (30%) for an interactive informal presentation related to the issues discussed during the previous week.

They will also have to write an essay (70%) at the end of the semester.

Students have the right to take the final examination.

Subject matter

1. Introduction: Course Objectives and Contents

2. Histories and Uses of Human Rights

3. The role of the international civil society

4. International human rights protection under the U.N. (the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenants for Human Rights Protection)

5. The Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

6. The U.N. Convention on the Status of Refugees

7. European Regional Human Rights Systems: the Council of Europe system

8. European Regional Human Rights Systems: the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU

9. The Inter-American Human Rights System

10. The African Human Rights System

11. The ASEAN Human Rights System

12. Concluding Remarks