Ocean Governance


The program of the course unit is based on three main objectives: 


O1- Examination and analysis of the main concepts and principles applicable to ocean governance and the sustainability of the sea, with the presentation of the impact of globalization on sea affairs and the empowerment of students to intervene in explaining and discussing the fundamentals of ocean governance 


O2- Framing and exploring the effects of globalization on the management of sea affairs as well as collecting and analyzing information related to the issues of governance and sustainability of the sea


O3- Students should be able to understand and identify the basis for the need for sustainable management of marine resources, recognize the relationship between technological change and developments in marine resource management policies and ocean governance, and understand the convergences and divergences between their local, regional and global contexts

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Jorge Oliveira e Carmo


Weekly - 2

Total - 24

Teaching language



Not Applicable


Allison, E. H. (2001) Big laws, small catches: Global Ocean governance and the fisheries crisis. Journal of International Development, 13, pp. 933-950.

Bosa, Miguel Suárez (2014), Atlantic Ports and the first Globalisation c. 1850-1930, London: Palgrave Macmillan.


Boesch, D.F. (1999) The role of science in ocean governance. Ecological Economics, 31, pp. 189-198.


Carpenter, A.; Johanson, T. and Skinner, J. (2021). Sustainability in the Maritime Domain - Towards Ocean Governance and Beyond. Springer.


Costanza, R. (1999) The ecological, economic and social importance of the oceans. Ecological Economics, 31, pp. 199-213.

Gabeccia, Donna R. Hoerder, Dirk (2011), Connecting seas and connected rims, Boston: Brill.


Green, D.R. and Payne, J. (2017). Marine and Coastal Resource Management. Principles and Practice. Earthscan Oceans. Routledge, New York 


Harris, Paul G. (2019). Climate Change and Ocean Governance, Politics and Policy for Threatned Seas. Cambridge University.


Marques Guedes, Armando. and Richardson, John. (2012). The Fractured Ocean. Current Challenges to Marine Policy in the Wider Atlantic. 

Magee, Gary B., Thomson, Andrew (2010), Empire and Globalisation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Mathieson, Charlotte (ed) (2016), Sea Narratives, London: Palgrave Macmillan


Mooney, Annabella, Evans, Betsy (2007), The Globalization: Key Concepts, N.Y.: Routledge.

Monaco, André, Prouzet, Patrick (2015), Governance of seas and oceans, London: Wiley


Myles, P. B. (2017). Maritime Clusters and the Ocean Economy. An Integrated Approach to Managing Coastal and Marine Space, Routledge, New York


Steger, Manfred B. (2009), Globalization: a very short introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Zacharias, M. (2014). Marine Policy, An Introduction to Governance and International Law of the Oceans, Routledge, New York

Teaching method

Student assessment will be continuous with class participation and preparation of written assignments, their oral presentation in class and discussion among classmates under the guidance of the teacher. Students will be expected to attend class and actively participate in group discussions of various classmates' papers on topics chosen and distributed individually to students in the first few classes. In addition, students will also always have the possibility to be assessed by a final written exam.


Class discussion of program topics: 20%.

Individual report and presentation in class: 40%

Individual written work: 40%

Final Evaluation

Examination of 1st and 2nd season (100%)

Evaluation method

Classes will always be taught in an interactive way, where students will be invited to actively participate in the discussion of the various issues related to ocean governance. The teaching method includes Seminar and Tutorial guidance. The oral presentation will be accompanied by the provision of various materials on the virtual teaching platform and with distance monitoring of student progress in the assimilation of the various subjects. Exercises and practical work, student presentations and class discussion of the various topics will help to establish links between theoretical and practical aspects of the subjects. 

Subject matter

The program of the course unit considers four main contents: 


CP1- Introduction to the concepts and framework in the evolution of ocean governance 

CP2- Regulatory framework and effects of globalization on the new governance challenges

CP3- Technological evolution regarding maritime issues and permanent communication and the dynamics of participatory governance in ocean management and its global, national, regional and local levels of implementation in ocean policies

CP4- Globalization, blue economy and governance from a regional perspective, examples of integrated management of common maritime resources and future trends in the evolution of ocean governance