Natural Marine Resources and the Ocean Economy


The objectives of the course are the following ones: 

- Examine and analyze the main concepts and principles applicable to natural marine resources, threats to the oceans and sea economy. 

- Students should be able to explain and discuss the fundamentals of marine and coastal resource management including, integrated coastal zone management, beach management, marine law and designations, marine spatial planning and coastal engineering and management.

- Understand the requirements of sustainable marine resource management including current and emerging issues, overall understanding of fundamental coastal ecology conceptual handling, conservation, maritime economy sustainability, management of marine ecosystems, public participation, coastal management, climate agenda, climate change mitigation and adaptation, offshore energy, marine and coastal tourism, deep sea mining, surf science and multi-purpose reefs. 

General characterization





Responsible teacher

Jorge Oliveira e Carmo


Weekly - 3

Total - 36

Teaching language



Not Applicable



Carmo, J. (2015). Oceans Climate Change, Revista da Marinha.


Carmo, J. (2021). Regenerating our Ocean, Revista da Marinha.


Carson, Rachel (2021). The Sea Triology / Under the Sea Wind, The Sea Around Us and The Edge of the Sea, The Library of America, New York.


Green, D.R. and Payne, J. (2017). Marine and Coastal Resource Management. Principles and Practice. Earthscan Oceans. Routledge, New York. 


Jeffrey D. Sachs (2015). The Age of Sustainable Development, Columbia University Press, New York.


Myles, P. B. (2017). Maritime Clusters and the Ocean Economy. An Integrated Approach to Managing Coastal and Marine Space, Routledge, New York


Rockstrom et al. (2009). A Safe Operation Space for Humanity, Nature 461. 


Tietenberg, T. (2009). Environmental and Natural Resource Economics. Addison-Wesley.


Zacharias, M. (2014). Marine Policy, An Introduction to Governance and International Law of the Oceans, Routledge, New York.

Teaching method

Classes will be taught in an interactive manner where students will be invited to actively engage in the classes. Oral teaching will be reinforced by additional materials, which will be uploaded onto the online virtual learning environment. Practical exercises will also be designed in order to help students make a bridge between theory and practice. 

Evaluation method

Students will be evaluated on a continuous evaluation basis. The evaluation method for this course will be regular attendance and participation in weekly lectures and final paper and oral work presentation and discussion. Students are expected to attend all lectures and work presentation and discussions, and should come familiar with the reading material assigned for each lecture or discussion. In addition, students will also have the possibility to be evaluated on a final written exam.

Subject matter


Part I. The Ways of the Sea

1. Shore, Coastal Seas, Open Ocean and Deep Ocean

2. Threats to the Oceans

3. The structure and function of the World´s Oceans

Part 2 The Sea Economy

4. Collaborative economic development, the growing multiuse Ocean and the maritime clusters 

5.Ocean Governance and the Blue Economy

6. European Maritime Cluster Networks

Part 3. Marine Policy

7. Instruments for Marine Law and Policy

8. Marine Environment Protection Policy

9. Integrated Approaches 

Part 4. Marine and Coastal Resource Management 

10. Resources Management Fundamentals

11. Mapping, monitoring and modeling

12. Current and emerging sectors and issues