Financial Crises in History


The course studies financial crises in a long-term perspective and in different guises: banking, sovereign debt, exchange rate or inflation crises. Its first objective is to examine the factors explaining the outbreak of financial crises, exploring their incidence, transmission, duration and consequences. Common patterns are recognized, tracing a genealogy to the present financial crisis. The second objective explores the policy and institutional responses to crises, surveying the creation and evolution of the lender of last resort, the role of international institutions and cooperation on rescues, or the changing importance of state bailouts.

This course allows a more intelligent understanding of financial systems, of the challenges and potential dangers that excessive debt may foster, as well as constituting a necessary step to any reflection on ways of preventing or overcoming different types of crises.

General characterization





Responsible teacher

José Álvaro Ferreira da Silva


Weekly - Available soon

Total - Available soon

Teaching language





Kindleberger, Charles P. (1978). Manias, Panics, and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises. New York: Basic Books.

Reinhardt, Carmen and Kenneth S. Rogoff (2009). This Time Is Different. Eight Centuries of Financial Folly. Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press.

Teaching method

The course will be based on lectures, workshop classes, compulsory reading materials, tutorial work with the students, in-class and on-line debates, and written assignments. These delivery methods try to develop the different learning outcomes, combining lectures with structured learning, individual compulsory reading and individual or group tutorial support, autonomous work with team work. Detailed coursework, readings and assignments are available in the Moodle platform. 

Evaluation method

Teamwork (50%)

Participation in class discussions and online Forum (10%)

Exam (40%) 

    Subject matter

    1. Introduction to the course: the creation of modern financial institutions; a primer on financial crises

    2. A tale of two bubbles: financial crises before the nineteenth century

    3. The first global economy and its financial crises: the 1890 Baring crisis and the Panic of 1907

    4. The 1929 crash and the Great Depression in the USA

    5. Financial crises in the second global economy

    6. Echoes from history? The 2007-2008 financial crisis