International Economic Law


The purpose of this seminar is to provide an overview of the three mains institutions that have shaped the international economic order in the aftermath of the II World War: the GATT/WTO; the International Monetary Fund (IMF); and the World Bank Group. Greater emphasis will be accorded to the study of the WTO and, in particular, to the free trade of goods and services.

Caracterização geral





Professor responsável



Semanais - 2

Totais - A disponibilizar brevemente

Idioma de ensino



A disponibilizar brevemente


  • BOSSCHE, Peter Van den/ZDOUC, Werner, The Law and Policy of the World Trade Law: Texts, Cases and Materials, 4th. edition (CUP: 2017)
  • CARREAU, Dominique/JUILLARD, Patrick/BISMUTH, Régis/HAMANN, Andrea, Droit international économique, 6ème. Edition (Dalloz: 2017)
  • DALLIER, Patrick/La PRADELLE, Géraud/GHÉRARI, Habib, (dir), Droit de l¿Économie Internationale (Éditions A. Pedone: 2004)
  • HERDEGEN, Mathias, Principles of International Economic Law (OUP: 2013)
  • LACHENMANN, Frauke / WOLFRUM, Rüdiger (eds.), International Economic Law ¿ The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (OUP: 2015)
  • LESTER, Simon/MERCURIO, Bryan/DAVIES, Arwel, World Trade Law: Text, Materials and Commentary, 3rd. edition (Hart: 2018)
  • LOWENFELD, Andreas F., International Economic Law, 2nd edition (OUP: 2008)
  • QUREISHI, Asif H./Ziegler, Andreas R., International Economic Law, 3rd edition (Sweet & Maxwell, 2011)
  • S. SURANOVIC, International Trade ¿ Theory and Policy (2010) -
  • TREBILCOCK, Michael J., Advanced Introduction to International Trade Law, 2nd. edition (Edward Elgar: 2015)

Método de ensino

Classes will combine lectures with discussions on previously designated topics. Students will have advance access to reading materials and/or bibliographical references on the designated topics.

Método de avaliação

Students may choose between two types of assessment: (i) an assessment exclusively based on the grade obtained at the final written exam (100%); or (ii) an assessment based on the weighted average resulting from the grade obtained in the final written exam (50%) combined with the grade resulting from active participation in the classroom (50%). The latter will require the reading of materials on and discussion of preselected topics, including but not restricted to excerpts taken from the case law of the WTO.


I. Introduction

  1. Notion and object
  2. International Economic Law (IEL) and International Public Law (IPL): actors, legal sources and relation with domestic/municipal law.
  3. IEL and EU law
  4. Development of IEL from Bretton Woods to the present day: overview and main present trends (the role of developing countries, fragmentation and the return of protectionism)

II. International trade law

  1. Why trade?
  2. Why free trade?
  3. From the GATT (1947) to the WTO (1994)
  4. The WTO Agreement as an ¿umbrella¿ agreement
  5. Institutional structure of the WTO
  6. Dispute settlement under the WTO

III. GATT: obligations, exceptions and remedies

  1. Principles and duties under the WTO system: GATT and GATS
  2. Exceptions and deviations from the WTO system: bilateral and regional agreements; developing countries; general and specific exceptions
  3. Selection and deployment of remedies

IV. GATS: overview

V. Recent trends in international trade and its (foreseeable) impact on the WTO

VI. The World Bank Group: origin, evolution and present role

VII. The international monetary system and the IMF

VIII. Conclusion


Cursos onde a unidade curricular é leccionada: